Current gender trends in Belarusian labor market: wage gap, child penalty and marriage premium

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Summary 

The issue of gender equality in Belarus labor market is still unclear. On the one hand the rate of female participation is high. At the same time there is evidence of the rising gender pay gap that grew from 16.5% in 2005 to 24% in 2014. The decomposition of the wage gap during 2005- 2014 revealed that differences in a way efforts of men and women are remunerated are the main factors affecting the growth of gender inequality, while the personal characteristics are losing the influencing power. I also find no association between wages and marriage for females, while there is a 10.5% wage premium in case of married males. The parenthood wage penalty is attributed to women and equals approximately 14.4%. Moreover, children from 0 to 6 provide the most severe drop in wages. In addition, the paper reveals that educated women are suffering the most and face 20.4% decline in wages, while penalty for women with the secondary school or lower amounts to just 8%.

Authors
Akulova Mariya
Sector 
Year 
2016
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Last updated 11.01.2017
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